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( t=25C) H+NH4+Li+Rb+K+Ba2+Sr2+Ca2+Na+Mg2+Be2+Al3+Mn2+Zn2+Cr2+Cr3+Fe2+Fe3+Cd2+Co2+Co3+Ni2+Sn2+Pb2+Cu2+Ag+Hg2+ OH - 18352410256171122744058437889998610390107146931109315324198125235F -2037261045817512678426247839310390109941131509711697157245102127238Cl -36534212174208159111589580133126136123158127162183130165130190278134143272Br -819887165119297247200103184169267215225212292216296272219299219279367223188360I -128145134212166391341294150278263408309319306433310?366313440313373461317235454S2-3468462031101691207278564115087978420088208144912149115123996248233SO42- 98132110267174233184136142120105342151161148392152400208155406155215303160312297HSO42- 98115104182136?282?120???249259?????????401?205?SO32-821169425115821716812012610489294135145?344136?192139?139199287144296281ClO4-100117106185138336287239122223208325254264251350255354311258357258?406262207400ClO3-8410190169122304255207106191176277222232?302??279226?226?374230191368NO3-63806914710126121216485148133213179189?238180242236183245183243331188170325NO2-4764531318522918013269116101?147157?????151?151?299156154293PO43-98149116351212602453310164263217122355386346147357151527367?366546812381419792HPO42-98132?267174233184136142120105342151161?392152?????215303160312297H2PO4-98115104182136331282234120218203318249259??250?306???313401?205395H3COO-6077661449825520615882142127204173183170229174233230177236177237325182167319Cr2O72-218252230387294353304256262240225?????272760????335423280432417CrO42-118152130287194253204156162140125?171181???460228175?175235323180332317MnO4-120137126204158375326278142262247384?303????350??297???227?CO32-6296742311381971481001068469?115125112284116?172119298119?267124276261HCO3-62796814610025921016284146???187174235178?234??181?329?169?SiO32-78?9024715421316411612210085?131141??132?189???195283?292277 (>1 . 100 ) (<0.1 100 ) ( 0.1 1 100 ) / ? -H-Cl-Br-OH-N02-NH2CHOCOOHC6H5CH3165095326131446092 C2H530651094675455874106- Cs KBa SrNaCa LiMgCdAgZnCuBeHg Al Pb SnAu Si BAs P HCr SMn C IBr NCl O FC3H744791236089597288120 0.630.690.720.80.820.860.861.081.221.281.291.291.311.351.431.571.631.661.821.861.921.982.072.272.412.452.52.582.62.822.864.084.97C4H95893137741037386102134 - .. CH2CH286310773435672104HCl, H2SO4 (.), H3PO4 (.) 2 + H2 C6H5781131579412393106122154H2SO4 (.) Al, Cr, Fe (), Pt, Au + H2O + SO2- 1 2 3 4 5 6 7CH3CO44781236089597288120HNO3 Al, Cr, Fe (), Pt, Au + H2O + ? (. . HNO3)- 1s2s,2p3s,3p4s,3d,3p5s,4d,5p6s,4f,5d,6s7s,5f,6d,7p LiRbKCsBaSrCaNaMgBeAlMnZnCrFeCdCoNiSnPbH2CuAgHgPtAuMe + H2O = MeOH + H2Me + H2O = MeO + H2Me + H2O , HNO3Me HMe H :
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: . . .NH4NO3NO.N2; N2ONO2 ( 25 ) -HIHBrHClO4HClH2SO4HMnO4HNO3H2Cr2O7H2CrO4H2SO3H3PO4HFHNO2CH3COOHH2CO3H2SH3BO3HCNH2SiO3pKa= lgKa -11-9-8-7-3-2.3-1.60.50.741.82.13.23.44.756.47.09.29.39.9


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